Organic vs Conventional
- Organic cotton relies on natural systems and processes
- Still it is only 1% of global cotton production
- Organic cotton is grown without chemical pesticides or harmful fertilizers:
- Better for the environment - leaving the soil, air and water free from contaminates that cause harm
- Ensures animal welfare is protected
- Good for farmers and surrounding communities
Conventional cotton is responsible for 16% of all insecticides sold globally despite using about 2.5 % of the world's arable land.
- Organic cotton farming uses 91%* less water than the conventionally grown cotton. No artificial inputs (pesticides and etc.) make the soil fertile:
It becomes as kind of a sponge - absorbing and trapping the water, and release it in times of drought. With climate change extremes of cycles from flood to drought, organic soils are more resilient.
It keeps all the nutrients
*This is significant as it takes 10,000 liters of water to produce 1 kg of conventional cotton. Cotton is estimated as the largest user of water amongst all agricultural commodities.
- Organic cotton farming emits up to 46% less anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) than the conventional one.
- Organic cotton is grown using non-GMO plants seeds or any components derived from them. GMO is completely banned under all organic standards.
- Organic cotton farming utilizes a single-crop rotation practice- one year organic cotton is grown, the next one - some other plant instead, in order to maintain the soil productivity as part of the natural cycles.
In the conventional cotton production that would be done by artificial inputs as it uses a monocropping agricultural practice (growing a single crop year after year on the same land).
- Growing organic cotton is more expensive because
- of the higher production costs to sustain the health of ecosystems, soils and people
- a labour intensive process as it is cultivated and harvested by hand
- lesser yields
- official certifications
- has higher quality - super soft, smooth, allergenic and durable